Coined by British psychologist and philosopher Richard D. Ryder in 1970, the term speciesism refers to the belief that nonhuman animals are completely unlike humans in their ability to feel pleasure and pain and live an autonomous existence, and therefore are inferior to the human species . . .
The incorporation of languages, lifestyles, ritual practices, or other cultural forms of a minority or oppressed people by a member of the dominant culture with little to no relationship to or experience with the particular people or culture . . .
A specific form of social organization with a bureaucracy, a hierarchy, constitutions, and elections that exists as a separate sphere apart from society . . .